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Channel trading uses technical indicators which highlight areas of support and resistance. Forex Traders can use information to analize whether you should trade a buy or sell positions and to determine current market volatility.


Technical Charting Patters

Price action moves through phases and no movement in the market is ever random. The following patterns are the most frequently spotted on the charts, we will be going thorough how to interpret them and combine their specified rules alongside other aspects of technical analysis.

The Head and Shoulder Pattern:

This standard head and shoulder pattern that is displayed on the previous page is a price action signal indication that a currency pair is set to fall upon pattern completion and is usually formed at the peak of an upward trend. There is also a second version which is known as the head and shoulders bottom or inverse head and shoulders. The inverse head and shoulders pattern is simply the opposite and signals that a currency pair is set to rise and usually forms at the base of a down trend. In either case, the head and shoulders indicates an upcoming reversal, ultimately meaning the currency pair is likely to move against the prevailing trend.


The Neckline:

Both of the head and shoulder patterns have a similar construction in that there are four main aspects which construct the head and shoulders pattern: two shoulders, a head and a neckline. The pattern is a confirmed trade setup upon the break of the neckline/trend-line (a level od support/resistence), after the formation of the second shoulder. For example; An upward trend is seen as a period of successive rising peaks and dips (retracements) while the downward trend is seen as a period of successive falling peaks and pullbacks. The head and shoulders pattern illustrates a weakening in a trend where there is deterioration in the peaks and retracement.


Head and Shoulders top:

  • This patterns four main sequential steps for it to complete itself and signal the reversal.

  • The formation of the left shoulder is formed when the currency pair reaches a new high and then retraces slightly to a new low.

  • The formation of the head occurs when the currency pair reaches a higher high then falls back near the low that was formed as part of the left shoulder.

  • The formation of the right shoulder is formed with a high that is slightly lower than the high formed in the head but is again followed by a fall back to the lows of the left shoulder.

  • The price then breaks the neckline/trend-line, In other words, price falls below support going on to break the level of the three lows created by the previous head and left shoulder.

Head and shoulder bottom (Inverse head and shoulders):

The inverse head-and-shoulders pattern is exact opposite of the head-and-shaoulders top, because it indicates the currency paid is set to make a move upwards.

  • The formation of the left shoulder occurs when the price initially falls to a new low and then subsequently rallies to a new high.

  • The formation of the head occurs when the price moves to a low that is below the left shoulders low, followed a return to the previous high. This move back to the previous high creates the neckline for this chart pattern.

  • The formation of the right shoulder is typically a sell off that is less severe than the one from the previous head. This is followed by a return upwards to the neckline.

  • The currency pair then breaks above the neckline/trend-line. The pattern is then completed when the price moves above the neckline created by the previous head and shoulder.

After the fourth step (when the neckline is broken), the currency. pair should be heading in a new direction. It is at this point when most traders following the pattern would enter into a position.

forex chart patterns
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